Grammar #1

Basic Japanese Sentence Structure

Let me preface this post by saying, I am still learning all the nuances of this topic so please forgive me if I make any mistakes.  In this post I will discuss very basic Japanese sentence structure.  I hope this will be helpful to those of you like me that have just started to learn Japanese.


In English we learn very basic sentences such as:

I eat pork.

  • I is the Subject
  • eat is the Verb in present tense
  • pork is the Object

Subject + Verb + Object


In Japanese (日本語) this would be written:
わたし は ぶたにく を たべます。
” I pork eat.”

  • わたし is the subject meaning “I”   (わたし=私)
  •  is the topic particle
  • ぶたにく is the object (ぶた (豚) is the word pig, にく (肉) is the word for meat, so together it is “pig meat” or “pork”)
  • を is the object particle
  • たべます is the Verb “eat” in present tense, affirmative and masu form (ますけい).

Subject + TP + Object + OP + Verb

New Terms:




wa & o

Grammar Series

I hope that you found Grammar #1 useful. Please provide me with your feedback or questions. In the next installment, we will expand our simple sentences to include: Questions and Verb Tenses. You can find all of the Grammar Series by selecting GRAMMAR from CATEGORIES in the site menu.


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